On February 14, 1943, Amelia Cardito, 34-year-old mother of 4, underwent an illegal abortion at the office of Dr. Anthony Renda. Amelia died nine days later in a New York hospital. Renda, author of three books on obstetrics, may have been a smart doctor, but he was a stupid crook. He implicated himself when he called police to complain that Amelia's widower, James, was shaking him down for $2,500 to cover hospital and funeral expenses. Police were able to observe Renda paying Cardito $1,000. Cardito didn't face any extortion charges, but Renda was sentenced to 7 years in Sing-Sing for Amelia's death. Amelia's abortion was typical of pre-legalization abortions in that it was performed by a physician.
During the 1940s, while abortion was still illegal, there was a massive
drop in maternal mortality from abortion. The death toll fell from 1,407
in 1940, to 744 in 1945, to 263 in 1950. Most researches attribute this
plunge to the development of blood transfusion techniques and the
introduction of antibiotics. Learn more here.
On February 23, 1928, 26-year-old waitress Martha Watson, a Wisconsin native, died in Chicago from an illegal
abortion. The person or persons responsible were never identified or
On February 23, 1917, 28-year-old Miss Bertha Dombrowski, who worked as a maid, died at Chicago's Garfield Park Hospital from a uterine perforation caused by an abortion performed by an unknown perpetrator.
Newlywed Helen Long died at her Chicago
home on February 23, 1916. Two doctors who had been providing care to her contacted the police. It seems that Helen and her husband, physician Lester Long, were dismayed by gossip about Helen's premature baby bump, so Lester had made three attempts to ward off the impending embarrassment, getting rid of the baby but also killing his wife.
News coverage painted a pathetic picture of the young man, so distraught
at his wife's death that it took the police five minutes to calm him
down enough to tell him he was under arrest. He reportedly was seen
while in jail pacing his cell, weeping and crying out, "Can she live?
Can she live?"
Lester was held by the Coroner and indicted by a Grand Jury on March 15, but the case never went to trial.
please, that with overall public health issues such as doctors not
using proper aseptic techniques, lack of access to blood transfusions
and antibiotics, and overall poor health to begin with, there was likely
little difference between the performance of a legal abortion and
illegal practice, and the aftercare for either type of abortion was
probably equally unlikely to do the woman much, if any, good. For more
information about early 20th Century abortion mortality, see Abortion Deaths 1910-1919.