Today's anniversaries are both safe and legal but pre-Roe. They took place a year apart, one in New York and one in California.
Betty Hines was 21 years old when she was checked into Doctors Hospital in California for a safe, legal abortion
to be performed by Dr. A. Mitchell on July 19, 1971. Mitchell had been her
physician for three or four years. Betty was eight weeks pregnant. There didn't seem to be anything wrong during the procedure. Betty was
transferred to the recovery room, when she suddenly went into
Mitchell theorized that perhaps Betty had died because of a bad vial of
Inovar, because the next patient who was injected from that vial also
went into cardiac arrest but was successfully resuscitated. Betty's autopsy, however, found no trave of Inovar in her system. A
toxicology check was also done on the vial of medication, and found
nothing wrong with the Inovar. Betty's death was attributed to massive intravascular sickling due to underlying sickle cell disorder. Other women who died of sickle cell crisis triggered by abortion include Margaret Davis and Barbara Hoppert.
Carmen Rodriguez was 31 years old when she underwent a 14-week saline abortion
at Lincoln Hospital in New York City. She had a history of rheumatic
heart disease and two previous live births. After the saline was
injected, it got into Carmen's blood stream. This caused acute pulmonary
edema -- fluid accumulation in the lungs -- and Carmen went into a coma
from which she never recovered. She died on July 19, 1970, leaving
behind a husband along with her children.
After Carmen's death, a militant Puerto Rican group, The Young Lords,
swung into action. They pointed out that doctors at Lincoln Hospital
knew that Carmen had heart problems and failed to take proper
The Young Lords distributed leaflets in the neighborhood of the
hospital, denouncing Carmen's death as "murder". For 12 hours, the group
occupied an administration building connected with the hospital,
denouncing the hospital as "a butcher shop that kills patients".
Merle Goldman, spokeswoman of an abortion advocacy organization, did not
share The Young Lords' outrage. Ms. Goldman said she hoped that
Carmen's death wouldn't deter other women from undergoing abortions. She
touted abortion's reputed safety and stressed that her group was
lobbying against proposed health department regulation of abortion
New York City Chief Medical Examiner Milton Helpern, on the other hand, expressed concern that ill-equipped and poorly-staffed freestanding legal abortion facilities were posing a danger to women.
As you can see from the graph below, abortion deaths were falling
dramatically before legalization. This steep fall had been in place for
decades. To argue that legalization lowered abortion mortality simply
isn't supported by the data.