On November 15, 1901, 22-year-old Erma Brown of Garden City, Kansas, died at County Hospital from complications of an abortion performed there that day. Dr. Robert E. Gray was arrested November 19 and held without bail by Coroner's Jury. On March 26, 1902, Gray was acquitted by a jury for reasons not indicated by the source.
On November 15, 1912, 38-year-old Ida Kloie died in her Chicago home from an abortion perpetrated by midwife Minnie Neermann. Neerman was held by the Coroner on November 25, and indicted by a Grand Jury on December 1, but the case never went to trial.
That same day, also in Chicago, 33-year-old homemaker Fannie Scheiner died at County Hospital after an abortion perpetrated that day by midwife Annie Balnoka.
Balnoka was arrested and held by the Coroner on November 24, and
indicted by a Grand Jury on December 15, but the case never went to
Note, please, that with overall public health issues such as doctors not
using proper aseptic techniques, lack of access to blood transfusions
and antibiotics, and overall poor health to begin with, there was likely
little difference between the performance of a legal abortion and
illegal practice, and the aftercare for either type of abortion was
probably equally unlikely to do the woman much, if any, good.
In fact, due to improvements in addressing these problems, maternal
mortality in general (and abortion mortality with it) fell dramatically
in the 20th Century, decades before Roe vs. Wade legalized abortion
For more information about early 20th Century abortion mortality, see Abortion Deaths 1910-1919.