On November 26, 1923, 23-year-old Alice S. Johnson died at Chicago's West End Hospital from a criminal abortion performed there that day. The coroner identified Dr. Lorenz Lapsky as being responsible for Alice's death. Lapsky was indicted by a grand jury for felony murder on December 15.
Alice's abortion was typical of criminal abortions in that it was performed by a physician.
For more on pre-legalization abortion, see The Bad Old Days of Abortion