On February 6, 1952, Elizabeth Barbara "Betty" Hellman, the 35-year-old wife of an Air Force Major, died of peritonitis at Tinker Air Force Base Hospital. Her husband, who had been stationed in Tokyo for over a year, had managed to rush home from Tokyo in time to see his wife before she died. Not only did Major Hellman lose his wife, he was met with the additional shock of learning that Betty had been unfaithful during his absence.
Betty had been admitted to the hospital in critical condition on January 28, suffering from pain and low blood pressure, on January 28. Her red blood count was very low, and her white count very high, indicating infection. She admitted to having undergone an abortion on January 25. An autopsy verified that she had died from peritonitis from an abortion.
The story came out between Betty's admission to the hospital and her death. When questioned by investigators on January 31, Betty said that friends had referred her to a woman named Jane. She was shown a photo and identified the woman in it, 43-year-old Mrs. Jane McDaniel White, as her abortionist. She gave White's address as the place she had gone for the abortion.
Betty said that White had put her off for several days while she got over her fear of undergoing the abortion. She promised White $100, but only paid her $50. White initiated the abortion with some kind of packing and sent Betty home.
Betty became very ill, and called White, who with her daughter came to Betty's home and "scraped her out".
After Betty gave her statement, police raided White's home. White and her daughter, Mrs. S. B. Anderson, Jr., were nowhere to be found. Police eventually tracked the pair down and arrested them for murder and procuring an abortion.
White said that Betty had indeed come to her home, asking for Jane, and saying that she thought she was pregnant. White told investigators, "She said she had been taking medicine and she was vomiting. She also said she had been taking white capsules and shots." (Betty said that the medicine and shots had been in anticipation of travel to Japan to join her husband.) She said that Betty had asked who could perform an abortion, and insisted that she'd told Betty she "was not in the business."
However, White said, she treated Betty for ptomaine poisoning, which she believed was what was causing Betty's vomiting. She admitted to visiting Betty at her home, but said that she had only given her a laxative to treat ptomaine poisoning. White admitted to having no medical training, and said that she "had no right" to diagnoses whether or not Betty was pregnant, but she was qualified to diagnose the ptomaine poisoning because she'd had a bout of it herself.
The criminal case against White went well until the defense managed to have the Betty's deathbed statement, given on January 31, inadmissible because it couldn't be proved satisfactorily that Betty believed herself to be near death. With the deathbed statement thrown out, the case was dropped.
This had been White's third arrest for abortion charges. She had been convicted in 1947, under the name Jane McDaniel, and sentenced to seven years, but the conviction was thrown out on a technicality based on how advanced the girl's pregnancy had been. A new trial had been scheduled, but it never took place because the main prosecution witness had left the state or died. White was clearly operating as an abortionist, since an operating table, fashioned from an old restaurant table, and surgical instruments had been sized from her home at the time of her arrest -- â€œenough instruments and medicine to stock a small hospital.â€ She was charged again in 1951 but the main witness had vanished and the case had been dismissed.
Betty's abortion was unusual in that it was performed by an amateur, rather than by a doctor, as was the case with perhaps 90% of criminal abortions.
For more on pre-legalization abortion, see The Bad Old Days of Abortion
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